Having diabetes can lead to many health concerns, because your feet are the furthers from your heart they are usually the first effected.
There are 2 main Diabetes related-complications we tend to see as podiatrist,
1. Nerve damage called ‘peripheral neuropathy’. Nerve damage may affect how you feel pressure or pain and may lead to numbness in your toes or feet.
2. Poor circulation in your feet called ‘peripheral vascular disease’. Changes to your circulation may delay your ability to heal any cuts or sores. This may also increase your risk of developing ulcers that may even lead to amputations.
What Diabetes foot health check involves:
- Doppler ultrasound analysis of pulses in foot
- Nerve sensation assessment
- Assessment of skin and nails
- Skin and Nail treatment
- Recommendation of home care routine
- Letter correspondance to General Practitioner
What are the signs and symptoms your feet may show:
- Cold feet, numbness
- Sharp pain in your leg after walking, pins and needles
- Any changes in foot colour, such as redder skin?
- Nail changes, corns, calluses, cracked or dry skin.
What can you do from home:
- Ensure you clean and dry, including drying between your toes
- Moisturise your feet every day
- Check your feet every day for changes
- Keep your toenails trimmed
- Wear enclosed footwear
- See your podiatrist regularly
How else can you look after your health:
- Try and keep your blood glucose levels in your target range
- Eat a healthy diet
- Keep physically active
- Avoid smoking
- Annual diabetes check up
Seek urgent care if you have any signs of an infection, or your skin starts to breakdown – such as via an ulcer or a crack in your heels.